Digital Scholarship @ CUA: Open Data – Tipping Point?

Chief Data Scientist… that’s a good title! The United States has named it’s first Chief Data Scientist – D.J. Patil. His official title is Deputy Chief Technology Officer for Data Policy and Chief Data Scientist in the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Read Dr. Patil’s memorandum Unleashing the Power of Data to Serve the American People. He outlines the emphasis on Open Data Initiatives beginning with U.S. Government Data.

Open Data fron DataPub http://datapub.cdlib.org/
Open Data from DataPub http://datapub.cdlib.org/

Open Data isn’t important only for the sciences. While science funders National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institute of Health (NIH) have required Data Management Plans, the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is including training in digital data curation as an imperative digital initiative. NEH has highlighted open data tools previously; this example Celebrating Open Data of combining computer science expertise and history and archaeology is of particular interest to The Catholic University of America community of researchers.

The NEH news release highlights William Noel’s TEDTalk on The Archimedes Palimpsest. The Archimedes Palimpsest project is a scholarly interest of researchers at CUA. See this presentation from CUA Chemistry Department Reading Between the Lines: The Archimedes Palimsest, and more on technical issues with the Archimedes Palimpsest.

Recent reading from Phill Jones at the Scholarly Kitchen summarizes federal policy, the players perspectives in open data (funders, publishers and researchers) and asking Are We at a Tipping Point for Open Data?

New in government agencies Open Data: see the new NASA DATA Portal!

Digital Scholarship @ CUA: Open Access – Continuing Course

There should be a course for this! Open Access does not mean free. The Public Library of Science (PLoS) defines Open Access as “unrestricted access and unrestricted reuse.” The Open Access movement founding is often attributed to the Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002) and Peter Suber has written and presented in detail about Open Access. For the most informative and concise overview please read Open Access Overview by Peter Suber.

Nancy K. Herther in her recent post  Scholarly Publishing & Peer Review Face the Future explains the peer review issue with Open Access; and Joe Esposito enumerates some of the complex issues with publishers and Open Access in his post  The Context of Scientific Publishing.

If you prefer your explanation visually, Nick Shockey and Jonathan Eisen, at PHD Comics, explain Open Access for Open Access Week 2012.

Digital Scholarship @ CUA: Return to the Book!

Digital scholarship is a complex world of subject content, technology tools and research skills. It may be time to slow down and read more than a tweet or post about the connections between the screen and the subject.

vsiualInsights_coverUnderstanding the data we see every day in charts, graphs, infographics, heat maps, scatter plots, treemaps (…and so many more visualizations) is made comprehensible in Visual Insights: a practical guide to making sense of data by Katy Börner & David E. Polley. Katy Börner is a co-instructor of the popular IVMOOC: Information Visualization MOOC through Indiana University.

Scholarly communication is the art of understanding Open Access, Research Data Services, Copyright & Fair Use, Institutional Repositories and Author’s Rights! These two new books puts these serious, connected, complex subjects in perspective for educators, libraries and researchers.

book cover Common ground at the nexus of information literacy and scholarly communication Common Ground at the Nexus of Information Literacy and Scholarly Communication

by Stephanie Davis-Kahl; Merinda Kaye Hensley

Managingcopyright_cover2 Managing Copyright in Higher Education: a guidebook

by Donna L. Ferullo

Fair Use Week 2015

Fair Use Week 2014 poster
Fair Use Week Poster 2015 from Harvard Libraries

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) encourages  libraries to celebrate Fair Use Week February 23 – 27 because “…fair use is employed on a daily basis by students, faculty, librarians, journalists, and all users of copyrighted material.” http://www.arl.org/component/events/event/148

The first Fair Use Week was sponsored at Harvard in 2014.

Do you know Fair Use?

From the US Copyright Office:

The doctrine of fair use has developed through a substantial number of court decisions over the years and has been codified in section 107 of the copyright law.

Section 107 contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Section 107 also sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair.

1.      The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes

2.      The nature of the copyrighted work

3.      The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole

4.      The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work

The distinction between what is fair use and what is infringement in a particular case will not always be clear or easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or notes that may safely be taken without permission. Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission.

US Copyright Law Code Sections 107 thru 118 codify the provisions of Fair Use.

Links you can use about Fair Use:

From The Catholic University of America see these links  Fair Use guidelines at CUA chart; CUA Copyright Guidelines; and Copyright Q & A’s from the CUA Libraries.

For librarians and researchers see these links: ARL Code of Best Practices in Fair Use and  Research Library Issues, no. 285 (2015): Special Issue on Copyright 

Fair Use Week blog chronicles case studies and frequently asked questions on Fair Use  from the Harvard Libraries Office of Scholarly Communication; and follow the  Fair Use Week web site from ARL and on Twitter via @fairuseweek and #fairuseweek2015.

Research methodologies

Open access and social networking readings seem to be coalescing around the “idea” of reading carefully!

The Pew Research Center documents that usage of social media is increasing.  Two other articles question whether social media or open access have any impact on scholarly communications.

Social Media and Its Impact on Medical Research by Phil Davis

Is Open Access a Cause or Effect? by Phil Davis

Read carefully! It’s all in the methodologies.

 

Research Data Spring

If your academic communities and libraries are interested in data, research data management, research data services…then you will be excited about this new initiative from JISCResearch Data Spring. It is a project to support  research data management for UK universities.

The reason for excitement is what libraries strive for – to ” support the researchers’ workflows.”

Jisc launches collaborative initiative for UK research posted November 17, 2014

Publishing nightmares?

Have you noticed a new slide inserted into many presentations lately? “What keeps me/you – insert field or job here – awake at night?”

Librarians might say it is the high costs and complexity of content subscriptions. Today’s article Slow and Steady – Taking Time to Think in the Age of Rapid Publishing Cycles by Kent Anderson from The Scholarly Kitchen touches on many intertwined issues inducing librarian sleeplessness. The author discusses the case for rapid publication; the increase in research retractions; peer review; the increasing quantity of published research; corrections and credibility and cost issues. Are we seeing an “industrialization of research?”

Pushing for speed within the publication process may be putting a greater onus on our readers, eroding our brands, increasing skepticism/cynicism around the publication process, and diminishing the role of editors and publishers through a corrosive/erosive process. Maybe we should pause, rethink, and reassess the value of the filters we have created and how best to support, strengthen, and sustain them. Will a week longer make a huge difference? In which direction? Whose risk increases?

Open Access Week conversations

Are we ready to have conversations about Open Access?

Barbara Fister, from the library trenches, posts her response commenting on the recent court case ruling about e-reserves.

She asks if all of us are ready to talk about how the scholarly publication process – publishing and access – can be better at spreading knowledge.

Open Minds, Open Access by Barbara Fister

…if future publications are open access it could save us all a lot of anguish and (even better) knowledge could spread much more easily and widely. The money, and the future, is already here. It’s just distributed badly. We can do better, and we will, slowly but surely.

NIH and Big Data announcement

NIH Awards $32-Million to Tackle Big Data in Medicine by Paul Basken

NIH is funding studies to help researchers handle big data in medicine. The data collected and collated by the Human Genome Project was just the beginning.

“We see more and more the NIH as a digital enterprise,” said Philip E. Bourne, who this year became the agency’s first permanent associate director for data science.

NIH also recognizes the the problematic issues of big data in medicine: patient privacy, standards for data, and a commitment to sharing data.

Encouraging data sharing

The PLoS One  report published September 26, 2014, outlining new data sharing policies, infrastructure and tools indicates that it is good to share.

NIH Prodding Makes Data Sharing More Common, Survey Finds
Report: “Codifying Collegiality: Recent Developments in Data Sharing Policy in the Life Sciences” ByGenevieve Pham-Kanter, Darren E. Zinner, and Eric G. Campbell published in PLoS ONE

To learn more about accessing data in the Social Sciences, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) is holding a series of open webinars October 6 -9, 2014:

ICPSR Data Fair 2014: Powering Sustainable Data Access

For many years, ICPSR has hosted several public-access research data archives that are sustained by federal and foundation funding. ICPSR’s 2014 Data Fair will feature webinars about many of these archives and collections, including an introduction to the National Archive of Data on Arts and Culture; the R-DAS collection at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive; two Gates Foundation-funded collections at the Resource Center for Minority Data; an orientation to the National Addiction and HIV Data Archive Program; and a Q & A about the Gates Foundation-funded Measures of Effective Teaching Longitudinal Database. You will find descriptions of these webinars in the Data Fair program. Other offerings will include a presentation about ICPSR’s current efforts to fund and achieve sustainable public-access data sharing models, including its newly launched collection known as openICPSR.