Thanks to all who presented, all who came to the presentations and all those who asked questions! Questions came from university administrators and faculty and graduate students and librarians. Questions during the events ranged from – what is open access – to mandates for open access – to levels of open access – to what will really increase the access, preservation and impact of a university’s scholarly output?
One question kept coming up in every event – how do we keep up with the evolving issue of open access? During the Scholarly Publishing event, the moderator, Rikk Mulligan from the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) pointed to three headlines from last week:
University communities add to open access scholarship by building their own institutional repositories. During Open Access Week 2015, CUA University Libraries hosted Terry Owen, Digital Scholarship Librarian at University of Maryland Libraries. Mr. Owen shared the history and experiences of building DRUM, the institutional repository at UMD.
Ms. Henry provided a succinct overview of a complicated topic and reminded us to know the grades – the spectrum – of open access models; and the shades of open access – Gold OA (delivered by journals) and Green OA (delivered by self-archiving in repositories.)
SHADES OF OPEN ACCESS
GOLD Open Access
Journals make articles available at the time of publication
A variety of payment models
Some gold journals are for profit, others are non-profit
GREEN Open Access
Repositories that make published articles openly available
University open access policies are green
Requires permission from publishers, but most permit green OA
The questions and conversations about open access (OA) have been happening for over a decade. Open Access was first codified in the Budapest Open Access Initiative in 2002. Open Access now exists as a “mix of fully open access publishers, hybrid publishers who offer some open access titles, and publishers who provide open access articles alongside subscription-only articles in the same journal.” Read the update Open Access Publishing: What it is and how to sustain it by Marcus Banks (September 8, 2015) here.
KEYNOTE ADDRESS: How Open Access Benefits Faculty + Research
Tuesday, October 13 • 11:00 AM • Great Room A, Edward J. Pryzbyla University Center
Learn about the experiences at universities that have adopted an open access policy.
Dr. Steven Lerman, Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs, George Washington University
Geneva Henry, University Librarian and Vice Provost for Libraries, George Washington University
PRESENTATION: Institutional Repositories
Tuesday, October 20 • 4:00 PM • May Gallery, Mullen Library
Consider the impacts of institutional repositories and how they affect faculty and student contributors.
Terry Owen, Digital Scholarship Librarian, Digital Repository at the University of Maryland (DRUM)
PANEL DISCUSSION: Scholarly Publishing and the Open Access Ecosystem
Wednesday, October 28 • 6:30 PM • Pearl Bailey Room, Busboys & Poets (Brookland)
What do scholarly authors and researchers need to know?
Dr. Rikk Mulligan, ACLS Public Fellow and Program Officer for Scholarly Publishing, Association of Research Libraries
Dr. Trevor Lipscombe, Director, The Catholic University of America Press
Dr. James Greene, Vice Provost and Dean of Graduate Studies, The Catholic University of America
Dr. Jennifer Paxton, Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of History, and Assistant Director, Honors Program, The Catholic University of America
These events are open to the public. No R.S.V.P. required. Please contact Kim Hoffman at firstname.lastname@example.org at least one week prior to the event to request disability accommodations. In all situations, a good faith effort (up until the time of the event) will be made to provide accommodations.
The scholarly ecosystem gets more complicated every day. As this graphic depicts- click for larger size – there are new tools being used by researchers every day to discover, access, and use scholarly research.
Until the Open Access movement gains ground, most researchers are beholden to content providers, services, and academic libraries for their access to scholarly research in e-content form. And that access could be better!
To adapt, publishers, libraries, and intermediaries need to examine not only the usability of their own platforms and how they can continue to be improved, but also how they are in practice used in scholarly research alongside other platforms and services. To do so, they cannot bring researchers into their usability labs, but instead they must engage researchers in their workplaces, in campus offices, labs, libraries, and dorms, and equally in off-campus homes and housing.
At the main information desks of research libraries, desktop workstations are used to test access and services to e-resources; while our researchers are living in a multi-device digital world of mobile, laptop, and tablet access. We will be examining parts of this scholarly ecosystem in the coming months and its impact on our users.
There should be a course for this! Open Access does not mean free. The Public Library of Science (PLoS) defines Open Access as “unrestricted access and unrestricted reuse.” The Open Access movement founding is often attributed to the Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002) and Peter Suber has written and presented in detail about Open Access. For the most informative and concise overview please read Open Access Overview by Peter Suber.
For many years, ICPSR has hosted several public-access research data archives that are sustained by federal and foundation funding. ICPSR’s 2014 Data Fair will feature webinars about many of these archives and collections, including an introduction to the National Archive of Data on Arts and Culture; the R-DAS collection at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive; two Gates Foundation-funded collections at the Resource Center for Minority Data; an orientation to the National Addiction and HIV Data Archive Program; and a Q & A about the Gates Foundation-funded Measures of Effective Teaching Longitudinal Database. You will find descriptions of these webinars in the Data Fair program. Other offerings will include a presentation about ICPSR’s current efforts to fund and achieve sustainable public-access data sharing models, including its newly launched collection known as openICPSR.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has implemented their own Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (DOE PAGES – Beta) as a repository for federally funded research.
In US Department of Energy Announces Public Access Plan (David Crotty, Aug. 4, 2014), copyright issues, text and data mining access, and use of data management principles are discussed. These issues and more will need to evolve through communication and practice.
Will the DOE Public Access Plan constitute “major shift in the scholarly publishing landscape” as Crotty writes?
Update: From DOE/Office of Scientific and Technical Information