KEYNOTE ADDRESS: How Open Access Benefits Faculty + Research
Tuesday, October 13 • 11:00 AM • Great Room A, Edward J. Pryzbyla University Center
Learn about the experiences at universities that have adopted an open access policy.
Dr. Steven Lerman, Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs, George Washington University
Geneva Henry, University Librarian and Vice Provost for Libraries, George Washington University
PRESENTATION: Institutional Repositories
Tuesday, October 20 • 4:00 PM • May Gallery, Mullen Library
Consider the impacts of institutional repositories and how they affect faculty and student contributors.
Terry Owen, Digital Scholarship Librarian, Digital Repository at the University of Maryland (DRUM)
PANEL DISCUSSION: Scholarly Publishing and the Open Access Ecosystem
Wednesday, October 28 • 6:30 PM • Pearl Bailey Room, Busboys & Poets (Brookland)
What do scholarly authors and researchers need to know?
Dr. Rikk Mulligan, ACLS Public Fellow and Program Officer for Scholarly Publishing, Association of Research Libraries
Dr. Trevor Lipscombe, Director, The Catholic University of America Press
Dr. James Greene, Vice Provost and Dean of Graduate Studies, The Catholic University of America
Dr. Jennifer Paxton, Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of History, and Assistant Director, Honors Program, The Catholic University of America
These events are open to the public. No R.S.V.P. required. Please contact Kim Hoffman at email@example.com at least one week prior to the event to request disability accommodations. In all situations, a good faith effort (up until the time of the event) will be made to provide accommodations.
As the campus of The Catholic University of America (CUA) and surrounding D.C. community basks in the afterglow of a momentous papal visit and canonization of a new saint, it is not out of order to reflect upon the Christian Savior, Jesus Christ. Now, before anyone gets the notion this archivist is about to impersonate a theologian, let me assure you my mission is an archival one, to study appearances by the Son of God on the covers of the Treasure Chest of Fun and Fact comic book housed in the CUA Archives.
As any user of the Archives, and, indeed, readers of this blog know (see ‘Hark! The Digital Angel Comes!’), Treasure Chest was a Catholic comic book, with over five hundred issues, distributed to the American Catholic parochial school system from 1946 to 1972. Moreover, it is CUA’s most popular digital collection, with visually stunning covers, including one in ten of all covers (53 of 508) featuring images of Jesus. The first verse of the 23rd Psalms tell us ‘The Lord is my Shepherd,’ but let’s reverse things and Shepherd the Lord through his various Treasure Chest incarnations by looking at some of the best examples.
Not surprisingly, about a third of the Jesus covers (18 images) relate to the first Christmas, including scenes of his birth in a Manger, the visit of the Magi, and even an Asian version. As one might imagine, the sacrifice of his brutal execution on the Cross and subsequent stunning Resurrection account for another large block of covers (19 images). Although less numerous, covers depicting Jesus rebuking Satan (4 images) are intriguing. The remaining images of Jesus are more singular in nature, but no less notable than others described above or displayed in this text, especially Jesus’ Sacred Heart, The Communion, and even a presumably Scottish or Irish Jesus with red hair!
As the archivist who organized and processed the Treasure Chest collection, I have long been aware of the rich variety of Jesus related covers. However, it was Thomas Zenakis’ Icon ‘Christ Pantokrater Enthroned,’ part of the campus museum collection whose image was used in my ‘Collecting the Sacred and Secular’ blog post, that provided inspiration to return to the Treasure Chest seeking images of Jesus that are timeless as well as so reflective of the time in which they were created. Please feel free to be inspired to browse through all Treasure Chest covers either via the archival finding aid or the digital collection site.
Dr. Martin Eve and Dr. Caroline Edwards acknowledge that starting a new journal or (in this case) a new journal platform is even more dicey in 2015 than it was in previous decades of economic turmoil. They also speak to the concern of “open” in the humanities, that the economic models of APC’s (article processing charges) do not work in the humanities. Their hope for this new platform is for it to be “the seed of a scalable model for journal transition to open access in the humanities that does not rely on payment from authors or readers.”
Digital Arts Lab – This semester, the Department of Art’s Digital Arts Lab on the 2nd floor of Mullen Library (room 218) will be open to CUA students, faculty, and staff at the following times:
Tue: 10:00 am – 2:00 pm
Wed: 12:00 pm – 2:00 pm
Fri: 10:00 am – 2:00 pm, 4:30 pm – 8:30 pm
Sat: 12:00 pm – 5:00 pm
The lab has 16 Mac computers with the following software available: Adobe Creative Suite 6 (Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Flash Professional, Flash Builder 4.6 Premium Edition, Dreamweaver, Fireworks, Fireworks, Adobe Premiere Pro, After Effects, Adobe Audition, Prelude, Encore), Blender, Final Cut Pro X, Audacity, Makerware, Word, and PowerPoint. Wacom tablets are available upon request. Please note that color and 3D printing are not available during these times.
Ongoing Trial – The University Libraries has a trial to The Patrologia Orientalis Database through October 18th. To access the trial, go to http://proxycu.wrlc.org/login?url=http://clt.brepolis.net/pod/pages/Search.aspx This link will work on and off campus. The database is also in the A-Z list and is under the Philosophy/Religion category. The Patrologia Orientalis Database is a collection of Patristic texts from the Christian East, including works, recorded in non-Latin languages including Syriac, Armenian, Arabic, Coptic, Ge’ez, Georgian, and Slavonic, that come from geographical, cultural, or religious contexts somehow linked to Rome or the Eastern Roman Empire. This initial version of the database allows users to access texts included in the 52 volumes of the Patrologia Orientalis, and search English and French translations where available. Please provide feedback to Dustin Booher.
At the time of this writing, Brookland is winding down after hosting North America’s first canonization mass. During his visit yesterday, Pope Francis canonized St. Juniperro Serra. While this new saint never set foot on the campus, this does not mean that CUA has no direct connections with any holy figures. In addition to visits from popes and presidents, several alumni currently have open causes for canonization.
Saints come in all shapes and sizes. A classic image of the saint may be one of a faithful martyr or a robed missionary, such as Serra. We may even think of them as primarily ancient or medieval figures. However, the modern age has seen a flourishing of canonizations. Yesterday’s ceremony was the culmination of decades of investigations, advocacy, and devotion. The process to being declared a saint is complex, with a number of steps and inquiries along the way. Beginning as a Servant of God, individuals with an open cause may eventually proceed to Venerable to Blessed and, finally, to Saint. Some figures, like Serra, may be held at one stage for decades (or even centuries!), while others may move along in the process more quickly. This process has a long history, stretching back to the earliest days of Christianity, although the papacy itself was not always directly involved.
The first example of a papal canonization is that of St. Udalric, performed by Pope John XV in 993. As the centuries progressed, the popes assumed more and more responsibility for canonization. By the late twelfth century, Popes Alexander III and Innocent III solidified papal involvement in the canonization process. (In prior centuries, saints were often decreed as such through popular acclamation or under the authority of local bishops.) Early modern pontiffs, such as Urban VIII and Benedict XIV, helped codify canonization into canon law. This period also saw a further centralization of the process with the creation of the Sacred Congregation for Rites. Since Vatican II, a number of further curial reorganizations have resulted in the establishment of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.
So where exactly does CUA fit in with this process? Many of you may have heard of Archbishop Fulton Sheen, CUA alumnus and former professor, who is currently considered Venerable. Sister Thea Bowman, an alumna of the English department (MA ’69, PhD ’72), is currently a Servant of God. A member of the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration, she was an educator, public speaker, and minister to African-American communities. She was instrumental in creating numerous Catholic multiethnic projects and was an advocate for Black Catholic voices. While writing hymnals and teaching locally, she also advised the US bishops on ethnic and spiritual matters. Despite being diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age, she continued her work up until her death in 1990. She is fondly remembered through educational foundations as well as a cause for canonization.
Another CUA alumnus who is likewise a Servant of God is Father Emil Kapaun. Both before and after he earned an MA in Education at CUA (1948), Kapaun served as a military chaplain. Captured during the Korean War, he is best remembered for the sacrifices he made to protect his fellow POWs. He would forage for food, tend to the sick, and find ways to protect the men from physical harm and demoralization. Despite dying in captivity in 1951, his deeds have been recalled by servicemen for the past 60 years. In 2013, President Obama posthumously awarded Kapaun the Medal of Honor. His cause, advocated by his home diocese in Wichita, Kansas, has been open since 1993.
In addition to these CUA figures, the Archives also houses records related to a number of other individuals currently in the process of canonization, from Mary Virginia Merrick (Servant of God) to Blessed Mother Teresa. So while tracing the footsteps of the saints may be easier in a city like Rome, Washington is not without its own resident holy women and men.
Hours During Papal Visit – The University Libraries (including Mullen Library and all campus libraries) will close Tuesday, September 22 at 5pm and remain closed on Wednesday, September 23. Normal hours will resume on Thursday, September 24. **Please note that due to a water main break that cannot be repaired until after the Papal visit, Mullen Library will not hold overnight hours this week.**
NEW TRIAL: Patrologia Orientalis – The University Libraries has a trial to The Patrologia Orientalis Database through October 18th. To access the trial, go to http://proxycu.wrlc.org/login?url=http://clt.brepolis.net/pod/pages/Search.aspx This link will work on and off campus. The database is also in the A-Z list and is under the Philosophy/Religion category. The Patrologia Orientalis Database is a collection of Patristic texts from the Christian East, including works, recorded in non-Latin languages including Syriac, Armenian, Arabic, Coptic, Ge’ez, Georgian, and Slavonic, that come from geographical, cultural, or religious contexts somehow linked to Rome or the Eastern Roman Empire. This initial version of the database allows users to access texts included in the 52 volumes of the Patrologia Orientalis, and search English and French translations where available. Please provide feedback to Dustin Booher.
Open Access Events in October – Three events will be held during the month of October marking Open Access Week (October 19-25, 2015). They include:
KEYNOTE ADDRESS: How Open Access Benefits Faculty + Research – Tuesday, October 13 • 11:00 AM • Great Room A, Edward J. Pryzbyla University Center
PRESENTATION: Institutional Repositories – Tuesday, October 20 • 4:00 PM • May Gallery, Mullen Library
PANEL DISCUSSION: Scholarly Publishing and the Open Access Ecosystem – Wednesday, October 28 • 6:30 PM • Pearl Bailey Room, Busboys & Poets (Brookland)
Believe it or not, U.S. Presidents once upon a time came to Catholic University for the most mundane of events. When the cornerstone for Caldwell (then Divinity) Hall was laid in 1888, President Grover Cleveland was there. When the University formally opened a year later, President Benjamin Harrison showed up for the festivities, despite the downpour. Friends with Rector Thomas Conaty, William McKinley visited him at CUA in 1900.
Quite by accident, Theodore Roosevelt meandered over to the University grounds on his horse in 1905, though he seemed to enjoy chatting up some of the CUA’s first undergrads once he found himself on what we today call the quad. The less loquacious Calvin Coolidge showed up for the dedication of Mullen Library in 1924—there are no reports of “Silent Cal” being shushed by librarians.
Oddly enough, these presidents visited when anti-Catholicism in the U.S. was in full-swing. Catholics were generally reviled by most non-Catholic Americans until the election of 1960, when John F. Kennedy was elected President (Kennedy came to the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception when he was a Senator, but not as President).
Indeed, when Al Smith, a Catholic from New York (and a CUA trustee), ran for President in 1928, he suffered anti-Catholic sentiment far and wide. When he traveled across the country by train during his campaign, members of the Ku Klux Klan burned crosses along the route in protest of his Catholic background. Needless to say, Smith lost the election in a landslide to Quaker Herbert Hoover.
And yet, President Franklin Roosevelt came to campus to accept an honorary degree in 1933. FDR knew many professors here at CUA, and sought advice on various New Deal policies from several of them. Indeed, Professor John A. Ryan, an adviser to Roosevelt and several of his cabinet members, bestowed the benediction at two of FDR’s inaugural ceremonies. President Dwight Eisenhower showed up twenty years later, received an honorary doctorate, and addressed members of the National Catholic Education Association (NCEA).
Finally, in June of 1965, President Lyndon Baines Johnson received an honorary doctor of laws degree from CUA, delivering the commencement speech on the importance of world peace in the process.
That was it though, folks. Nary a U.S. President has made the five-mile trip from the White House over to CUA for a visit since Johnson. There hasn’t been a president on campus for fifty years.
Just as the presidential cavalcade ended, however, the papal visits began, not only to the CUA campus, but to the White House as well. Though the University’s founder is Pope Leo XIII, he never visited campus, nor did any of his papal successors until John Paul II. Indeed, John Paul was the first pope to visit the White House, at the invitation of President Jimmy Carter, in 1979. He was CUA’s first visiting pope as well. John Paul’s successor, Pope Benedict XVI, was met by then President George W. Bush at Andrews Air Force Base, escorted to the White House, and even presented by Bush with a birthday cake (his birthday falls on April 19th, three days after that 2008 visit).
Not to be outdone, President Barack Obama will literally roll out the red carpet for Pope Francis upon the pontiff’s arrival at the White House on September 23rd, just before Francis heads over to the National Shrine to celebrate Mass. A real first that underscores how far we’ve come from the days of Nast’s anti-Catholic cartoons: Pope Francis addresses Congress on September 24th. A truly historic moment for both Catholics and Americans.
Know Your Campus Tour – Also on Wednesday, September 16, beginning at 6 pm, an historical walking tour of campus will be given by local historian, author, and CUA alumnus Bob Malesky. The event is open to the public, and no RSVP is required. The tour will begin at the front of Mullen Library.
Streaming Video Trials – Heads Up! The University Libraries is considering a subscription to a video streaming service to complement our library resources and support campus teaching and learning. Through September 20, we have trials with two distributors, Kanopy and Alexander Street Press. Here are the links to these resources:
For Kanopy, we have access to all the content. Our Alexander Street Press trial provides us with access to a segment of their offerings called Academic Video Online: Premium. These urls work on and off campus.
Please let us know what you think of these services by trying them out—both on campus and from home—and emailing your thoughts to Joan Stahl, Director of Research and Instruction at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Join us at Mullen Library on September 16th for CUA’s first Wikipedia Edit-a-thon! In conjunction with the Know Your Campus guided tour taking place later that evening (which you should totally hang around for), the library will be opening its doors to students and the wider community to usher in the Fall semester, eat some free food (thanks, AGLISS!), get to know one another, and get to know our neighborhood. The subject matter – Brookland, the experts – you!
So what exactly is an edit-a-thon? In short, it’s an event where a group of people get together with the goal of editing Wikipedia content for a specific topic in a short space of time. Subjects can have significant cultural importance (like Asian-Pacific American Artists, or closing the Wikipedia editor gender gap by expanding content related to art and feminism), but we’re starting a little smaller. We want to improve content related to the Brookland neighborhood right here in Washington, DC, and will be adding articles about landmarks and famous residents, copyediting existing pages, inserting links to other Wikipedia pages, and adding and checking citations to ensure that information is reliably sourced. The point is, though, that we all have something unique to contribute.
Never edited before? Never even thought about checking the sources on that article you cited for a paper? Don’t understand why citing Wikipedia is probably not a great idea in the first place, but is a good place to start your research? A representative from Wikimedia DC will be on hand to answer questions, provide training, and help get you started. Believe me, it’s super simple, and once you fall down the editing rabbit hole, there will be no turning back. You would not believe how much time I spent researching and updating the exhibition formats for AFI Silver’s page last month. Shameful.
So sign up, grab your laptop, stop by the FYE room (2nd floor)between 11 am and 3 pm, and see what the fuss is about. Even if you don’t intend to edit, come by and say hello! We’ll be handing out how-to guides, buttons, and stickers, so what excuse do you have? Did I mention there will be snacks? If you aren’t swayed by now, I don’t know what to tell you. Buttons, people!
As always, thanks for reading. See you next Wednesday, folks.